This Week in the Law Library …

This Week’s Research Sessions

Monday, Nov. 30, 2020

  • The Technology of Law Practice with Legal Technology & Research Instructional Services Librarian Shannon Kemen
    • 3:00pm – 4:00pm

Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020

  • The Technology of Law Practice with Legal Technology & Research Instructional Services Librarian Shannon Kemen
    • 3:00pm – 4:00pm

 

Exams Are Coming — The Law Library Can Help!

Be sure and check out the many resources that the Law Library provides to help you with final exams:

Recent Marx Markings Blog Posts on Exams:

Law Library Exam Preparation & Online Study Aids Workshop

Exam Study Guide

Study Aid Subscriptions

  • Introduction to Study Aids & Research Guides Video
    • This video introduces you to our four online study aid collections, demonstrates how to access the study aids, and looks at research guides that will help you throughout your law school career. The video is 7:36 minutes long and features closed captioning.
  • CALI Lessons
    • If using CALI, you will need to create an account (if you have not already done so) using a Cincinnati Law authorization code. You can obtain this code from a reference librarian.
  • Lexis Overdrive Study Aids
    • If accessing study aids from Lexis OverDrive, you will need to login using your UC credentials.
  • West Academic Study Aids
    • To access from off-campus, you will need to create an account. To create an account, click the Create an Account link at the top right corner of the Study Aids Subscription page. Use your UC email as the email address. Once you have filled in the required information to set up an account, you will need to verify your email address (they will send you a confirmation email that you will need answer to verify the email address — be sure and check your junk mail).
  • Wolters Kluwer Study Aids
    • If accessing study aids from the Wolters Kluwer subscription, you will need to login using your UC credentials.
    • Video on using WK study aids

Study Aids to Help You with Different Exam Formats & Study Aids for Exam Review

Last week’s blog post looked at general law school exam studying tips and help with outlining. This week we’ll take a look at study aids that can help you with different exam formats and the types of study aids that you can use for exam review. Also, check out the recording from the Exam Preparation and Online Study Aids workshop.

Study Aids to Help You with Different Exam Formats

Writing for Essay & Short Answer Exams

  • Cracking the Case Method, Legal Analysis for Law School Success
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • The exam portion of this study aid covers preparing for exams by outlining course materials and practicing exam-taking skills. An approach for analyzing exam questions and writing effective exam answers that display legal analytical skills, with illustrations drawn from actual essay exam questions and annotated answers.
  • The Eight Secrets of Top Exam Performance in Law School
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • This work teaches the eight secrets that will add points to every exam answer you write. You will learn the three keys to handling any essay exam, how to use time to your advantage, issue spotting, how to organize your answer, and the hidden traps of the IRAC method. Once you have mastered these skills, you can put your knowledge to the test with sample exam questions and check your answers against those provided. A special section on how to do well on other types of exams, such as open-book, multiple-choice, or policy exams, is also included.
  • Hard-Nosed Advice from a Cranky Law Professor
  • How to Write Law School Exams: IRAC Perfected
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • Provides students of all levels with a detailed, comprehensive, and practical guide to success on law school exams. This text breaks the well-known IRAC method of legal writing into comprehensible segments and gives students the tools needed to master their law exams. Provides readers with detailed student-written examples of the IRAC method in action. Annotated with line-by-line critiques, these sample essays show readers exactly what can go wrong in a law school exam and how to fix those problems before they appear on a graded paper.
  • IRAC
    • Available through CALI
    • This CALI lesson will cover the basic structure of written legal analysis: IRAC. IRAC stands for Issue, Rule, Application/Analysis, Conclusion. There are slightly different versions of IRAC which may be used for different legal documents. This lesson will focus on IRAC for essay exam writing. Some faculty may prefer CRAC, or CIRAC, where the conclusion is placed first. You may also learn CRREAC for writing legal memos and briefs, which stands for Conclusion, Rule, Rule Explanation, Application, Conclusion. Make sure you know your professor’s structural preferences regarding exams and other assignments. Whether you have the conclusion up front or not, all of legal analysis follows the same basic IRAC framework. It takes some getting used to, but once you understand how to properly work with the IRAC structure, you will be able to analyze any legal question.
  • Law School Exams: A Guide to Better Grades
    • Available through LexisNexis Digital Library (Lexis OverDrive)
    • This text is a handbook for students who want to significantly improve their performance in law school. This book strips the exam format into a series of repeatable steps and building blocks. It also teaches students how to prepare for exams, instead of preparing for class, with proven time-management, outlining, and case-briefing techniques.
  • Law School Exams: Preparing and Writing to Win
    • Available through the Wolters Kluwer subscription
    • Exercises and practice exams, with a focus on essay questions and model answers, help students identify their strengths and weaknesses, plan strategies, and organize their efforts. The text offers techniques for maximizing scores on several types of essay questions, as well as on multiple-choice and other questions. Exam anxiety is tackled by a helpful, positive perspective: the right amount of stress can serve as a motivator. Students get help in reducing anxiety to a productive level by learning how to place exams into proper perspective. Stress-management techniques are introduced. New sample flow charts and additional examples, questions, and sample answers appear throughout the text.
  • Law School Without Fear : Strategies for Success
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • Chapter 15 covers exams and exam writing. Other chapters cover case analysis, the Socratic method, studying law; writing for law school; managing precious time; coping with the emotional stress of law study.
  • Law School Secrets: Outlining for Exam Success
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • This book answers the most-asked questions of first, second, and third year law school students. Exam Preparation: How long should my outline be? What should I include in my outline? What secondary sources should I use? Are study groups effective? Should I swap outlines with other students? How do I prepare for open and closed book exams? Writing the Exam: What is the best way to read the exam questions? How do I schedule my time? How do I organize my answer? When do I need to assume facts? How do I impress the professor?
  • Law School Success in a Nutshell
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • This text explains and gives examples of the best methods for studying and for taking exams. Chapter 12 covers exams and at the end of the book, it provides questions and model answers from actual law school exams.
  • Law School Survival Manual
  • Learning Outside the Box
    • Available through LexisNexis Digital Library (Lexis OverDrive)
    • Chapter 13 covers essay exams. The purpose of this book is to provide research-based learning strategies for law students who learn differently. If you are a student who has been diagnosed with a learning disability or if you simply have a unique learning style, you may need to outline differently, read cases differently, and approach law school in a more active, engaged, and efficient manner. In addition to covering reading and briefing cases, the book covers outlining and tackling essay and multiple choice exams.
  • Legal Writing v. Exam Writing
    • Available through CALI
    • This CALI lesson explains some key differences between legal writing and exam writing. First, the lesson demonstrates the relationship between legal writing and exam writing. Next, the lesson explains the differences between legal writing and exam writing. After you complete this lesson you will be able to transfer writing and analysis skills learned in your legal writing course to your final exams.
  • Mastering the Law School Exam: A Practical Blueprint for Preparing and Taking Law School Exams
  • One L of a Year
  • Top 10 Tips for Successfully Writing a Law School Essay (podcast)
    • Available through CALI
    • Professor Jennifer Martin discusses the top ten mistakes law students make in law school examinations: poor issue spotting, poor knowledge and understanding of the law, poor application of the law to the facts, giving only conclusory answers, lack of organization, errors in the facts, failure to understand the role you are given in the examination, padding, fact inventing, and question begging. She also discusses the hallmarks of a good essay answer.
  • A Weekly Guide to Being a Model Law Student
    • Available through the West Academic subscription.
    • This book gives law students weekly checklists explaining the skills necessary to successfully navigate their first year of law school. Each chapter provides a checklist of things to do that week, such as briefing cases, going over notes, outlining classes, or doing practice questions. When a new concept is introduced, this book clearly explains the concept and its purpose and provides examples. Instead of merely providing advice, this book lays out a detailed plan for students to follow. It also includes a bank of over 100 short, medium, and long practice questions in six first year subjects.
  • Writing Better Law School Exams: The Importance of Structure
    • Available through CALI
    • This CALI lesson begins with an explicit discussion of legal writing its structural implications. Within that specific context, the program goes on to discuss the tasks to be performed, the tools used in performing those tasks, and methods of sharpening those tools. The program concludes with some interactive opportunities to try the techniques described.

Multiple Choice Exam Help

  • Law School Exams: Preparing and Writing to Win
    • Available through the Wolters Kluwer subscription
    • The text offers techniques for maximizing scores on several types of essay questions, as well as on multiple-choice and other questions. Exam anxiety is tackled by a helpful, positive perspective: the right amount of stress can serve as a motivator. Students get help in reducing anxiety to a productive level by learning how to place exams into proper perspective. Stress-management techniques are introduced. New sample flow charts and additional examples, questions, and sample answers appear throughout the text.
  • Learning Outside the Box
    • Available through LexisNexis Digital Library (Lexis OverDrive)
    • Chapter 14 covers multiple exams. The purpose of this book is to provide research-based learning strategies for law students who learn differently. If you are a student who has been diagnosed with a learning disability or if you simply have a unique learning style, you may need to outline differently, read cases differently, and approach law school in a more active, engaged, and efficient manner. In addition to covering reading and briefing cases, the book covers outlining and tackling essay and multiple choice exams.
  • A Methodical Approach to Improve Multiple Choice Performance
    • Available through CALI
    • This lesson teaches a methodical approach for all law school multiple choice questions. The step-by-step approach provides a framework to work through questions so students can more easily eliminate distractor answer choices. The lesson will thoroughly explore each step in this analytical approach.
  • One L of a Year
  • Tips for Multiple Choice Exams in Law School (podcast)
    • Available through CALI
    • Prof. Scott Burnham, provides students with advice on multiple choice exam questions. He looks at the parts of a question and identifies types of multiple choice questions such as those that test recall, those that draw on materials discussed in class, and those that require analysis. At the end of this lesson students will know how to decipher what type of question is being asked, how to spot the specific issue in the question, and how to eliminate the other choices.
  • Multiple-Choice Questions: Wrong Answer Pathology
    • Available through CALI
    • This lesson teaches you how to select the right answer in a multiple-choice question by better understanding how to identify wrong answers, based on nine specific types of wrong answers.

 

Types of Study Aids to Help in Reviewing for Exams & Taking Practice Tests

  • Acing
    • Titles in the Acing Series use a unique checklist format with sequential questions that help students fully evaluate a subject. The books also present numerous hypothetical problems and sample answers.
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
  • Black Letter Outlines
    • The Black Letter Outlines contain comprehensive outlines of particular areas of law, a capsule summary of each outline, practice examinations, and examples and review questions.
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
  • CrunchTime
    • This study aid provides flow charts, capsule summaries, exam tips, short answer exam questions, multiple choice questions, and essay questions with model answers.
    • Available through the Wolters Kluwer subscription
  • E-Flash
  • Emanuel Law Outlines
    • The Emanuel Law Outlines series is a study aid that outlines the law, gives exam tips, and offers chances for you to quiz yourself.
    • Available through the Wolters Kluwer subscription
  • ExamPro
    • The Exam Pro Series are study aids that offer sample exams and corresponding answers with detailed analysis. Each Exam Pro title is authored by a leading law professor and recognized expert in an area of law and contains multiple choice and essay questions based on current court decisions. Detailed explanations for each answer describe the best possible choice as well as red herring answers, which helps increase law student understanding of a topic and build exam skills.
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
  • Gilbert Law Summaries
    • Gilbert Law Summaries give students a detailed outline to prepare for exams. Each title also includes a capsule summary that is perfect for last minute review. Students can test their knowledge and fine tune exam skills with Gilbert’s actual law school exam questions (multiple choice, short answer, and essay) which are featured at the back of each outline. Every question comes with a fully explained answer, and each question is cross-referenced back to the main outline for further review.
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
  • Glannon Guides
    • The Glannon Guides feature brief explanatory text about the topic under discussion, followed by one or two multiple-choice questions. After each question, the author explains how the correct choice was chosen. A more challenging final question in each chapter illustrates a more sophisticated problem in the area under discussion.
    • Available through the Wolters Kluwer subscription
  • Law in a Flash
    • Law in a Flash are flash cards for legal subjects. These are available in the reserve collection and can be checked out for library use only for 2-hours at a time.
  • Questions & Answers
  • Sum & Substance Quick Review
    • This series contains capsule summary outlines each section with a clear and concise explanation of legal concepts and terms, along with exam hints, strategies, mnemonics, charts, tables and study tips. Self-testing and diagnostic review questions facilitate application of legal concepts. Also provides capsule summaries of significant cases identifying important facts, primary issues and relevant law. Essay and multiple choice questions, model answers, and detailed explanations help with exam preparation.
    • Available through the West Academic subscription

 

Old & Practice Exams

We have a limited number of old / practice exams available in the Law Library. The exams are available for UC law students to access remotely through the Law School Sample / Practice Exams TWEN course. Professors may also make exam materials available on their course website, particularly as time draws closer to the exam period. Please note that professors are not required to release exams to the Library, and most choose not to do so. Consequently, you may not be able to find an exam for either your class or your professor. If you do not see the Law School Sample / Practice Exams as a course when you go to TWEN, please contact Susan Boland.

This Week at the Law Library …

Thanksgiving Hours

happy-thanksgiving

  • The Law Library and College of Law physical space will be closed Wednesday, Nov. 25 – Nov. 29.
  • Law Library instructional and reference services will be available Wednesday, Nov. 25 but then close Thursday, Nov. 26 – Nov. 29.
  • Online databases & study aids will still be available 24/7

This Week’s Research Sessions

Monday, Nov. 23, 2020

  • The Technology of Law Practice with Legal Technology & Research Instructional Services Librarian Shannon Kemen
    • 3:00pm – 4:00pm

Tuesday, Nov. 24, 2020

  • Exam Preparation and Online Study Aids Workshop with Electronic Resources Instructional Services Librarian Ron Jones and Law Library Associate Director Susan Boland
    • 12:30pm – 1:30pm
    • Zoom

Exams Are Coming — The Law Library Can Help!

Be sure and check out the many resources that the Law Library provides to help you with final exams:

 

Native American Heritage Month

Native American Heritage Month Wordle

Selected Online Resources for Researching Native American Law:

  • Tribal Court Clearinghouse
    • A website by the Tribal Law and Policy Institute, a Native American operated non-profit dedicated to providing free publication resources, comprehensive training, and technical assistance for Native nations and tribal justice systems. The Tribal Court Clearinghouse provides links to tribal courts, constitutions, codes, and more.
  • Indigenous Law Web Archive
    • A website by the Law Library of Congress that consists of a collection of constitutions, codes, executive orders, and court forms and information of sovereign Indigenous governments and courts of 578 federally recognized nations, communities, and tribes in the United States, as well as some Indigenous legal information from Canada, published online.
  • National Indian Law Library
    • The National Indian Law Library (NILL) is a law library devoted to American Indian law. It serves both the Native American Rights Fund (NARF) and the public. NILL serves the public by developing and making accessible a unique and valuable collection of Indian law resources and by providing direct research assistance and delivery of information. Among other resources, the website includes a Tribal Law Gateway, research guides, and current awareness articles.
  • Indigenous Digital Archive
  • American Indian and Alaska Native Documents in the Congressional Serial Set 1817-1899
    • The Serial Set is a compilation of U.S. Congressional publications published by the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives about the bills and resolutions involved in lawmaking. It also includes reports of executive departments, government-funded institutions, and other independent organizations. The United States government documents included in this collection were assembled from the Oklahoma Department of Libraries print collection and scanned at the University of Oklahoma Donald E Pray Law Library.
  • Lexis Native American Practice Area
    • Includes treatises, federal administrative agency decisions, and treaties. Secondary materials in the practice area include resources on gaming
  • Westlaw Native American Practice Area
    • Online source for a limited group of Tribal court cases and tribal codes. Also includes federal cases and statutes.

Study Tips & Law Library Resources for Outlining

Final exams fast approaching and the Law Library can help! Below are some resources that feature general law school exam studying tips and help with outlining. Stay tuned for our future blog posts where we’ll look at study aids for taking exams, reviewing for exams, and specific subject study aids!

Effective Study Techniques

It’s not enough to just study. There are only so many hours in a day and you need to study effectively and efficiently. Some of these study techniques may seem labor intensive at first but the payoff will come when you sit down to take your exams.

Elaborative Interrogation

Passively reading and rereading material is the worst study method available. Marking and highlighting a text during reading is very popular but you have to be careful and not all studies have shown any benefit. Over highlighting reduces your ability to distinguish the highlighted text from other text, and people are less likely to remember marked text if it is not distinctive. It also takes less processing to highlight a lot of text than to single out the most important details and write them out separately. Most studies have shown no benefit of highlighting as is typically done.[1] Instead of passively reading and highlighting, use active reading strategies. One active reading strategy is called the “Elaborative Interrogation Technique.” As you read, ask yourself questions such as “why” or “how” and then provide the answers. Relate your questions and explanations back to things you already know. Create diagrams, mindmaps, and flowcharts to illustrate how the concepts that you are reading relate to each other and back to your prior knowledge. The theory behind this technique “is that elaborative interrogation enhances learning by supporting the integration of new information with existing prior knowledge” and that students using this technique discriminate among facts.[2]

Distributed / Spaced Practice

While many law students are prone to cramming, research has shown that one of the best way to study is something called “distributed practice.” When trying to master new concepts, study hard for a short period of time, take a break, and then study some more – using short bursts of studying over a longer period of time. You can do this both within a single study session and across study sessions. Better learning occurs when learning is spread out in time. One study found that “to remember something for 1 week, learning episodes should be spaced 12 to 24 hours apart; to remember something for 5 years, the learning episodes should be spaced 6 to 12 months apart.”[3] To implement distributed practice across study sessions, review material covered in class at frequent intervals. You might set aside a small amount of time one day after class to review material covered the previous day. Then go back later and review the most important information from that class and relate it to the newer information you are learning. To implement distributed practice within a single study session, review material, take a break or move on to new material, and then return to the previous material. One tool to help with distributed practice in a single study session is to use the “Pomodoro Technique.” The Pomodoro Technique involves setting a timer for a specific task, focusing on that task for that time period (25 minutes is the amount of time the Pomodoro Technique developer, Francesco Cirillo, suggests), and then taking a short break before returning for another set time period.[4] An easy way to set this up is to use your phone, a kitchen timer, or try the free browser based Marinara Timer. With this timer you can use the traditional Pomodoro method of working for 25 minutes with 5 minute breaks and a 15 minute break after 4 25 minute sessions or you can set your own intervals using the customized timer.

Practice Testing / Retrieval Testing

“[M]ore than 100 years of research has yielded several hundred experiments showing that practice testing enhances learning and retention.”[5] Practice testing could involve using flashcards (virtual or physical), completing practice problems or questions included at the end of textbook chapters, or completing practice tests. Even better is to make up your own practice questions. Practice tests that require more free recall, such as short answer tests, are more effective than practice tests that use fill in the blank or multiple choice. More practice tests are better than less practice tests. Combine your practice testing with distributed practice because studies have shown that repeated practice testing produces better results when spaced out within the same session and when completed in different study sessions.[6] Study aids with review questions and sample or practice exam questions are a great way to find practice questions.

Interleaved Practice

For certain types of material, blocking study, where one topic is studied or all problems of one type are practiced before moving on to the next topic or type of material, is less effective than interleaved practice.[7] Interleaving can help you choose the correct strategy to solve a problem and help you to see the links, similarities, and differences between ideas.[8] These are things you will do all of the time in the practice of law. Interleaving naturally occurs with distributed practice.

Accessing Law Library Study Aids

For an overview of our study aid subscriptions and a demonstration of how to access them, see:

Introduction to Study Aids & Research Guides Video

  • This video introduces you to our four online study aid collections, demonstrates how to access the study aids, and looks at research guides that will help you throughout your law school career. The video is 7:36 minutes long and features closed captioning.

CALI

If using CALI, you will need to create an account (if you have not already done so) using a Cincinnati Law authorization code. You can obtain this code from a reference librarian.

Lexis OverDrive

If accessing study aids from Lexis OverDrive, you will need to login using your UC credentials.

West Academic

To create an account, click the Create an Account link at the top right corner of the Study Aids Subscription page. Use your UC email as the email address. Once you have filled in the required information to set up an account, you will need to verify your email address (they will send you a confirmation email that you will need answer to verify the email address — be sure and check your junk mail). Once you have created an account and logged in, you can use the links below to access individual study aids or you can access all study aids through https://subscription.westacademic.com.

Wolters Kluwer

If accessing study aids from the Wolters Kluwer subscription, you will need to login using your UC credentials.

 

Study Aids to Help Generally with Studying Techniques

  • 1L of a Ride
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • Covered topics include pre-planning, top student fears, first-year curriculum, the Socratic and case methods of teaching, effective class participation, top habits of successful students, essential study techniques, legal research and writing, exam strategies, maintaining well-being, and much more. Combines anecdotes, comments from law students, empirical research, and authentic samples of signature documents from the 1L experience, including exam questions.
  • Creating Study Aids CALI Lesson
    • Available through CALI
    • This CALI lesson introduces you to law school study aids. It begins with a brief overview of self-regulated learning and Bloom’s learning taxonomy. Then, the lesson introduces law school study aids by pairing them with learning objectives at each level of the taxonomy. Finally, the lesson concludes with an activity designed to help you reflect on your learning. It can be used as an introduction, supplement, or as review. Learning Outcomes On completion of the lesson, the student will be able to: 1. Understand the relationship between self-regulated learning, metacognition, and Bloom’s taxonomy and your learning. 2. Create study aids to help you remember, understand, apply, analyze, evaluate and create important law school concepts. 3. Reflect on your learning.
  • Excelling in Law School: a Complete Approach
    • Available through the Wolters Kluwer subscription
    • This text outlines the available resources and study-aids and shows how to effectively use new technologies such as websites that distribute outlines, companies that provide MP3s of detailed lectures on first year courses, student-maintained outline banks, recorded lectures, professor podcasts, and PowerPoint slides. Students learn the specific, unique skills required to approach law reviews and scholarships and to hunt for jobs.
  • Hyped About Hypos
    • Available through CALI
    • Law students often hear about the importance of “doing hypos” but don’t know why they are important, where to find them, how to do them, and so on. This CALI lesson will cover the what, why, when, where, and how of hypos so law students can conquer the material they are learning and be prepared for exams. Learning Outcomes On completion of the lesson, the student will be able to: 1. Define the term “hypothetical” in the law school context. 2. List several reliable sources of hypotheticals. 3. Explain how to use hypotheticals to prepare for an exam. 4. Discuss why using hypotheticals is important for success in law school.
  • Law 101: What Law School’s Really Like
    • Available through LexisNexis Digital Library (Lexis OverDrive)
    • Law 101 gives a behind-the-scenes look at what law school’s really like. The advice covers all aspects of law school, and ranges from academic advice on such topics as study techniques, classroom skills, and tips for exam success, to the best ways to participate in extracurricular activities, maintain healthy relationships outside of law school, and get a job after graduation. A companion documentary, available online, provides additional perspectives on life in law school.
  • Law School Without Fear : Strategies for Success
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • Covers case analysis, the Socratic method, studying law; Writing for law school; Preparing for exams and exam writing; Managing precious time; Coping with the emotional stress of law study.
  • Learning Outside the Box
    • Available through LexisNexis Digital Library (Lexis OverDrive)
    • The purpose of this book is to provide research-based learning strategies for law students who learn differently. If you are a student who has been diagnosed with a learning disability or if you simply have a unique learning style, you may need to outline differently, read cases differently, and approach law school in a more active, engaged, and efficient manner. In addition to covering reading and briefing cases, the book covers outlining and tackling essay and multiple choice exams.
  • Metacognition
    • Available through CALI
    • This lesson focuses upon the concept of metacognition and teaches you how to enhance your understanding about how you learn to better improve your study, organizational, test-taking and self-assessment skills with the goal of improving your performance in law school. The lesson should help you better understand your individual learning process and show you how to use this information to develop study and test-taking skills needed for success in law school. Learning Outcomes On completion of the lesson, the student will be able to: 1. Better understand how to develop your skills as a law school learner. 2. Create a schedule, and develop study strategies that work in tandem with this schedule, that helps you work more effectively and efficiently. 3. Assess your own work to better understand where you performed well, where you struggled, and how your study and test-taking strategies impacted your performance.
  • Note-Taking in Law School 101: The Basics
    • Available through CALI
    • This lesson will walk you through things to consider before setting “foot” (physically or virtually!) in a law school doctrinal classroom. You’ll learn about how to listen for and capture the most important information, how to maximize your note-taking efficiency by using symbols and shorthand, and the various software options available for taking notes.
  • Note-Taking in Law School 101: Case-Based Content
    • Available through CALI
    • This lesson, intended for incoming and current 1L law students, guides participants through the process of note-taking in law school classes with a focus on case-based information. Using a series of cross-doctrinal audio lecture examples and integrating periodic checks for understanding, students have the opportunity to develop their note-taking skills and practice categorizing the pieces of case-based information.
  • Starting off Right in Law School
    • Available through LexisNexis Digital Library (Lexis OverDrive)
    • Law school is different. Incoming students, confronted with an entirely new vocabulary and unfamiliar with the discipline’s unique and demanding educational methods, are often disoriented. This book is designed to give these students a head start, both by introducing them to the fundamentals of the legal process and by helping them acquire the study skills necessary for success. Starting Off Right in Law School introduces new law students to the practice and study of law by following a lawsuit from its inception through the appeals process, illustrating what lawyers actually do, how they prepare, how they interact with clients and in courtrooms, how a lawsuit proceeds, and how students can effectively read and analyze cases, outline, and apply what they have learned on the exams.
  • Strategies and Tactics for the First Year Law Student (Maximize Your Grades)
    • Available through the Wolters Kluwer subscription
    • Strategies and Tactics for the First Year Law Student gives you a detailed, step-by-step program for surviving the first year of law school. Note-taking–Sharpening your note-taking skills will maximize your study time and improve your grades Your law professor’s personality–Understanding it can be to your advantage Study traps–What are they and how to avoid them Memory aids–How classic memory systems work and when you should (and shouldn’t) use them The pressures of law school–Effective techniques for handling the pressure from classmates, professors, and reading assignments Taking exams–Nine steps to writing exceptional exam answers The Internet–Useful search engines and websites.
  • A Weekly Guide to Being a Model Law Student
    • Available through the West Academic subscription.
    • This book gives law students weekly checklists explaining the skills necessary to successfully navigate their first year of law school. Each chapter provides a checklist of things to do that week, such as briefing cases, going over notes, outlining classes, or doing practice questions. When a new concept is introduced, this book clearly explains the concept and its purpose and provides examples. Instead of merely providing advice, this book lays out a detailed plan for students to follow. It also includes a bank of over 100 short, medium, and long practice questions in six first year subjects.
  • Your Brain and Law School
    • Available through LexisNexis Digital Library (Lexis OverDrive)
    • Before you can learn to think like a lawyer, you have to have some idea about how the brain thinks. The first part of this book translates the technical research, explaining learning strategies that work for the brain in law school specifically, and calling out other tactics that are useless (though often popular lures for the misinformed). This book is unique in explaining the science behind the advice and will save you from pursuing tempting shortcuts that will take you in the wrong direction. The second part explores the brain’s decision-making processes and cognitive biases.

 

Study Aids to Help with Outlining

There are issues with using commercial outlines. Your professor is emphasizing different things. You miss nuances and context. Reading an outline is not an effective learning technique. Studies have shown that if the reader has to decide which material is most important and has to think about the meaning of the text and how the different pieces relate to one another, they perform better on tests later.[9] Also, studies have shown that “writing about the important points in one’s own words produced a benefit over and above that of selecting important information….”[10] So, if you are using commercial outlines, be sure and use the review questions and practice tests. You may find it helpful to look at other outlines for structure. But be aware that each of your professors may have different ideas of what is important and what is not. Tailor your outline to the class. Also, each class is different from year to year so relying solely on other people’s past outlines may not be a good idea. Don’t just read the outline. Use it as a guide but make your own!

  • Outlining Basics
    • Available through CALI
    • This CALI lesson teaches you why, when and how to create outlines when preparing for your law school exams. On completion of the lesson, the student will be able to: 1. Recognize the importance of outlines as a learning and test preparation tool in law school, thus making the outlining exercise more valuable. 2. Develop outlines during an optimum timeline. 3. Create outlines that offer the student a tool that improves comprehension, synthesis, and exam performance.
  • Black Letter Outlines
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • The Black Letter Outline Series is designed to help students recognize, understand and master the primary principles of law by gaining a good understanding of the rule of law first before applying it to complex fact patterns. They contain comprehensive outlines of particular areas of law, a capsule summary of each outline, practice examinations, and examples and review questions.
  • Emanuel Law Outlines
    • Available through the Wolters Kluwer subscription
    • The Emanuel Law Outlines series is a study aid that outlines the law, gives exam tips, and offers chances for you to quiz yourself.
  • Gilbert Law Summaries
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • Gilbert Law Summaries give students a detailed, comprehensive outline to prepare for exams. Each title also includes a capsule summary that is perfect for last minute review. Students can also test their knowledge.
  • Quick Review (Sum and Substance)
    • Available through the West Academic subscription
    • This series contains capsule summary outlines each section with a clear and concise explanation of legal concepts and terms, along with exam hints, strategies, mnemonics, charts, tables and study tips.

 

Stay tuned for more blog posts on how study aids can help you prepare for exams!

Footnotes

      1. John Dunlosky, et al., Improving Students’ Learning with Effective Learning Techniques: Promising Directions from Cognitive and Educational Psychology, 14 Psychol. Sci. Pub. Int. 4, 19 (2013).
      2. Id. at 8.
      3. Id. at 37 (referring to N. Cepeda, et al., Spacing Effects in Learning: A Temporal Ridgeline of Optimal Retention, 19 Psych. Sci. 1095 (2008)).
      4. Francesdo Cirillo, Do More and Have Fun with Time Management, The Pomodoro Technique, https://francescocirillo.com/pages/pomodoro-technique
      5. Supra note 1, at 29.
      6. Id.
      7. Id. at 40.
      8. Yana Weinstein & Megan Smith, Learn To Study Using…Interleaving, The Learning Scientists Blog (Aug. 11, 2016), http://www.learningscientists.org/blog/2016/8/11-1
      9. Supra note 1, at 19.
      10. Id. at 15.

This Week in the Law Library …

This Week’s Research Sessions

Monday, Nov. 16, 2020

  • The Technology of Law Practice with Legal Technology & Research Instructional Services Librarian Shannon Kemen
    • 3:00pm – 4:00pm

Tuesday, Nov. 17, 2020

  • Prof. McCord, Lawyering I, section 1 with Associate Dean of Library Services Michael Whiteman
    • Researching Statutes
    • 9:00am – 10:25am
    • Zoom
  • Prof. McCord, section 3 with Electronic Resources Instructional Services Librarian Ron Jones
    • Researching Statutes
    • 3:30pm – 4:55pm
    • Zoom

Wednesday, Nov. 18, 2020

  • The Technology of Law Practice with Legal Technology & Research Instructional Services Librarian Shannon Kemen
    • 3:00pm – 4:00pm

 

Featured Resources

In honor of Native American Heritage Month, we are focusing on Native American law.

Featured Study Aids

  • Principles of Federal Indian Law
    • Fletcher’s Principles of Federal Indian Law covers the basics of federal Indian law, the relationships between tribal, state, and federal sovereigns, also touching on federalism, agency law, civil rights, and criminal jurisdiction aspects of Indian law. This concise hornbook offers comprehensive coverage of the blackletter law, with statutory, regulatory, and historical context. The origins behind important doctrines of Indian law and critical statutes are explored in detail.
    • Available via the West Academic study aid subscription
  • Mastering American Indian Law
    • Mastering American Indian Law provides readers with an overview of the field. By framing the important eras of U.S. Indian policy in the Introductory Chapter, the text flows through historical up to contemporary developments in American Indian Law. This book covers tribal law, federal Indian law and tribal-state relations. n ten Chapters, the book has full discussions of a wide range of topics, such as: Chapter 2 – American Indian Property Law; Chapter 3 – Criminal Jurisdiction in Indian Country; Chapter 4 – Tribal Government, Civil Jurisdiction and Regulation; Chapter 8 – Tribal-State Relations; and Chapter 9 – Sacred Sites and Cultural Property Protection.Throughout the text, explanations of the relevant interaction between tribal governments, the federal government and state governments are included in the various subject areas. In Chapter 10 – International Indigenous Issues and Tribal Nations, the significant evolution of collective rights in international documents is focused upon as these documents may be relevant for tribal governments in relations with the United States.
    • Available via the LexisNexis Digital Library study aid subscription

Featured Treatise

Featured Database

Featured Website

  • Tribal Court Clearinghouse
    • A website by the Tribal Law and Policy Institute, a Native American operated non-profit dedicated to providing free publication resources, comprehensive training, and technical assistance for Native nations and tribal justice systems. The Tribal Court Clearinghouse provides links to tribal courts, constitutions, codes, and more.

 

Native American Heritage Month

Wednesday, November 18, 2020

  • Introduction to Status, Realities, Legal Framework and Future of Indigenous Peoples in the United States and Canada
    • You don’t have to be a lawyer to join the first-ever signature event on behalf of the American Bar Association (ABA), co-sponsored by the Canadian Bar Association (CBA), to celebrate Native American Heritage Month in November. Panelists will discuss the current status and resiliency of indigenous peoples in the United States and Canada. They will address the critical question of how past discriminatory – and even brutal governmental policies – led us to the current status of indigenous peoples today. More importantly, the panelists will discuss what steps, laws, and policies can be taken to improve the lives of indigenous peoples in the United States and Canada. The panelists will compare and contrast the history, status and future of the First Nations People in Canada vs. American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States. After the panel discussion, the audience will gain a high-level overview of the issues around indigenous populations.
    • 1:00pm
    • Registration

Friday, November 20, 2020

  • Sliver of a Full Moon: Live Performance and Panel Discussion
    • Join the ABA for a special live performance of Sliver of a Full Moon, a portrayal of resistance and celebration. It is the story of a movement that restored the authority of Indian tribes over non-Indian abusers to protect women on tribal lands. Although thousands contributed to this victory, Sliver of a Full Moon follows the story of five Native women who took a stand and two Native men, including Congressman Tom Cole, who stood with them to win this victory. The playwright, Mary Kathryn Nagle has updated the play to continue to reflect current reality. Following the performance, there will be a panel discussion among survivors, legal practitioners, and the playwright that will stimulate a dialogue regarding how the current legal framework, where Native nations have been stripped of their inherent jurisdiction, leaves Native women unprotected and disenfranchised. As a result of these legal inequalities, Native women suffer rates of domestic violence and sexual assault higher than any other class of American citizens. This unique event combines law and art, and will bring together practitioners, participants, artists, and survivors to discuss and envision how the law can be used to remedy this, and other injustices in tribal communities.​
    • 3:00pm
    • Registration

 

Standing Bear v. Crook (1879)

In the 1870s and ’80s, Chief Standing Bear’s declaration of his humanity in a powerful courtroom speech established him as one of the nation’s earliest civil rights heroes. Standing Bear v. Crook was a landmark Native American civil rights case decided in 1879. In 1877, federal troops removed over 700 members of the Ponca Tribe to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Shortly after their arrival in Oklahoma, Standing Bear’s oldest son Bear Shield died. Standing Bear wished to return to his original homeland, on the Nebraska-South Dakota border area to bury his son and so left Indian Territory. Since Standing Bear and the other Poncas in his party had left Indian Territory without permission, they were arrested and detained at Fort Omaha. Standing Bear sued for habeas corpus relief. The U.S. government argued, “that [Standing Bear] was neither a citizen, nor a person, so he could not sue the government.” Standing Bear’s lawyers argued that under the Fourteenth Amendment, Standing Bear and his fellow Ponca were both citizens and people and entitled to the same constitutional rights as other citizens of the United States. Judge Dundy’s opinion fundamentally agreed with their argument; he wrote, “That an Indian is a PERSON within the meaning of the laws of the United States….” The decision in the case was the first time a Native American was recognized – not as a ward of the government – but as a person under the law who has inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

 

Exams Are Coming — The Law Library Can Help!

Be sure and check out the many resources that the Law Library provides to help you with final exams:

  • Old / Practice Exams
  • CALI Lessons
  • Lexis Overdrive Study Aids
    • If accessing study aids from Lexis OverDrive, you will need to login using your UC credentials.
  • West Academic Study Aids
    • To access from off-campus, you will need to create an account. To create an account, click the Create an Account link at the top right corner of the Study Aids Subscription page. Use your UC email as the email address. Once you have filled in the required information to set up an account, you will need to verify your email address (they will send you a confirmation email that you will need answer to verify the email address — be sure and check your junk mail).
  • Wolters Kluwer Study Aids
    • If accessing study aids from the Wolters Kluwer subscription, you will need to login using your UC credentials.
    • Video on using WK study aids

 

 

This Week in the Law Library …

Veteran's Day

The College of Law will hold classes and the Law Library will be open on Veteran’s Day

This Week’s Research Sessions

Monday, Nov. 9, 2020

  • The Technology of Law Practice with Legal Technology & Research Instructional Services Librarian Shannon Kemen
    • 3:00pm – 4:00pm

Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2020

  • The Technology of Law Practice with Legal Technology & Research Instructional Services Librarian Shannon Kemen
    • 3:00pm – 4:00pm

Spotlight on Military Law & Veterans

In honor of Veterans Day, this week we are shining the spotlight on military law and resources for veterans.

Featured Study Aids

  • Military Law in a Nutshell
    • This study aid provides a succinct summary of military law and military justice. The new edition takes account of changes in the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), such as, Article 2(a)(10), extending court-martial jurisdiction over civilian contractors, and cases marking its application, e.g., United States v. Ali, 71 M.J. 256 (C.A.A.F. 2012), evolving issues regarding public access to court-martial proceedings, e.g., Center for Constitutional Rights v. United States, ___M.J.___, 2013 WL 1663084 (C.A.A.F. 2013) and the impact of the Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act and its amendments. As in earlier editions, the Nutshell traces the history and development of military law, its sources, the nature of military status, rights of members of the Armed Forces, and provides an exhaustive yet accessible review of the military justice process.
    • Understanding the Law of Terrorism
      • This study aid examines various subject matters—such as criminal law and procedure, constitutional law, the law of evidence, national security law, and the law of armed conflict—as the underlying legal doctrines and polices are influenced and at times distorted by counter-terrorism efforts in law enforcement, intelligence gathering, and military action.
      • Available via LexisNexis Digital Library (Overdrive)

Featured Guide

  • Veteran’s Research Guide
    • Veterans Day originated as “Armistice Day” on Nov. 11, 1919, the first anniversary marking the end of World War I. Congress passed a resolution in 1926 for an annual observance, and November 11th became a national holiday beginning in 1938. There were 18.5 million veterans in 2016. There were 774,935 veterans in Ohio in 2016. This guide provides information on legal resources that can be used to research veteran’s issues.

Featured Treatise

Featured Video

 

Native American Heritage Month

Thursday, November 12, 2020

  • Native American Heritage Month: More Than A Word (Preview & discussion of film)
    • Sponsored by Taft Research Center & the UC Sports Administration Program
    • Of the Standing Rock Dakota tribe, John Little, Director of the Indian University of North America, and Kenn Little, filmaker, direct More Than A Word, offering a look inside the growing movement to change the name of the Washington R*dskins football team. The film traces origins of the word, from a term of racist derision and slander to being embraced as the name of one of the NFL’s most beloved franchises; and draws on the voices of Native American activists and scholars to place this controversy within the wider context of Native American history and racial stereotyping more generally.
    • Register at https://bit.ly/TAFT-MoreThanAWord

Selected Articles & Reports on Native Americans in the Legal Profession:

This Week at the Law Library …

This Week’s Research Sessions

Monday, Nov. 2, 2020

  • Prof. Bock’s LLM Research & Writing with Associate Director Susan Boland
    • 8:30am – 10:00am
    • Basic Terms & Connectors Searching
    • Zoom
  • The Technology of Law Practice with Legal Technology & Research Instructional Services Librarian Shannon Kemen
    • 3:00pm – 4:00pm

Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2020

  • The Technology of Law Practice with Legal Technology & Research Instructional Services Librarian Shannon Kemen
    • 3:00pm – 4:00pm

Thursday, Nov. 5, 2020

  • Prof. Smith’s Lawyering I, section 6 with Associate Director Susan Boland
    • Researching Memo 2
    • 9:00am – 10:25am
    • Zoom
  • Prof. Smith’s Lawyering I, section 4 with Associate Director Susan Boland
    • Researching Memo 2
    • 10:40am – 12:05pm
    • Zoom

 

Featured Study Aids

Revisit Election Law!

  • Election Law Stories
    • An account of the most significant cases in election law, including the landmark decisions of Reynolds v. Sims, Bush v. Gore, Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, and Shelby County v. Holder. The volume’s thirteen cases concern the right to vote, redistricting and gerrymandering, campaign finance, and election administration.
    • Available via the West Academic study aid subscription
  • Understanding Election Law and Voting Rights
    • Takes readers through the electoral process, beginning with the right to vote and continuing through the election itself. Along the way, the authors provide thorough explanations of manifold topics, including Congress’s power to protect voting rights, the use of race in districting, political gerrymandering, political parties’ rights, the place of third parties, free speech and the First Amendment rights to participate in campaigns and run for office, campaign-finance regulation, vote-counting, and the role of courts in adjudicating disputes about political power and challenges to election “irregularities.”
    • Did you know that Prof. Michael Solimine is one of the authors?
    • Available via the Lexis OverDrive study aid subscription
  • Examples & Explanations: Legislation, Statutory Interpretation, and Election Law
    • Tackles the complex subjects in this field, including statutory interpretation, lobbying, bribery, redistricting, campaign finance law, and voting rights.
    • Available via the Wolters Kluwar study aid subscription

 

Featured Guide

  • Election Law Research Guide
    • Need voting information? Want information on election law legal treatises? Need to see databases that cover election law? Check out this resource on elections and election law!

 

Featured Database

  • CQ Press Voting and Elections Collection
    • This database pulls together local and national data on campaigns, elections (including SCOTUS), political parties, voters, and demographics into statistical, analytical, and descriptive reports. You can also manipulate the raw data into dynamic, customizable (and exportable) reports. Coverage includes 1789-present (president); 1968-present (gubernatorial, senate, house).

Featured Video

  • Election Law Program Videos for Judges & Journalists
    • Created in 2005 as a joint venture of the National Center for State Courts and the William & Mary Law School, the Election Law Program seeks to provide practical assistance to state court judges called upon to resolve difficult election law disputes.These videos are a series of web-based lectures designed to educate judges and journalists about the fundamentals of election law.

Featured Secondary Source

  • Principles of the Law, Election Administration: Non-Precinct Voting and Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes
    • Promulgated by the American Law Institute, the same people who brought you the Restatements of the Law, this text centers on election administration. Part I provides principles for use by jurisdictions that wish to use absentee-voting or early-voting options as a supplement to in-person precinct-based voting on Election Day. Part II concerns principles applicable to disputed elections generally. Part III specifically concerns procedures necessary for disputed presidential elections given their uniquely challenging scheduling constraints.

Native American Heritage Month

This month is Native American Heritage Month! Read President Trump’s Proclamation.