All About Impeachment

The impeachment trial of President Donald J. Trump has started so let’s explore impeachment and impeachment resources in this blog post. So far, no president has been removed from office due to impeachment, but President Trump is the third president to face an impeachment trial (President Nixon’s impeachment proceedings never reached the trial stage).

Andrew Johnson

The first president to face articles of impeachment was Andrew Johnson.

Andrew JohnsonOn February 24, 1868, the House of Representatives passed a Resolution of Impeachment by a vote of 126 to 47 [1]. They filed eleven articles of impeachment with the primary focus of the impeachment charges related to the firing of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, an alleged violation of the Tenure of Office Act [2] (the act was eventually repealed and a similar law was declared unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court in Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)). The Senate adopted 25 rules for the impeachment trial and Chief Justice Salmon Chase presided over the trial.[3] Access to watch the trial was permitted through the distribution of 1,000 Senate gallery tickets each day of the trial.[4] President Johnson narrowly escaped being removed from office with the Senate falling short of one vote to reach the two-thirds majority required to convict.[5]

You can research more about the impeachment of Andrew Johnson by looking at some of these fabulous resources:

William Jefferson Clinton

The second president to face articles of impeachment was Bill Clinton.

William J. Clinton

On October 8, 1998, the U.S. House of Representatives voted to authorize the House Committee on the Judiciary to begin an inquiry into whether to impeach President Clinton.[6] The House of Representatives initially proposed four articles of impeachment against Bill Clinton but two of them failed to pass.[7] The primary focus of the remaining impeachment charges related to alleged lying under oath and obstruction of justice in the Paula Jones lawsuit.[8] The Senate Rules for the trial were adopted in January 1999 and Chief Justice William Rehnquist presided over the trial.[9] President Clinton was acquitted on both articles of impeachment: 45-55 on Article 1[10] and 50-50 on Article 2.[11]

You can research more about the impeachment of Bill Clinton by looking at some of these resources:




Donald J. Trump

President Trump’s impeachment trial has just begun.
Andrew Johnson On Oct. 31, 2019, the House of Representatives passed an impeachment resolution authorizing the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and the Committees on Financial Services, Foreign Affairs, the Judiciary, Oversight and Reform, and Ways and Means to continue their ongoing investigations as part of the existing House of Representatives inquiry into whether sufficient grounds exist for the House to impeach President Trump.[12] After holding hearings, the House passed a Resolution of Impeachment, consisting of two articles: abuse of power and obstruction of justice.[13] The House then appointed its managers and the proceedings moved on to the Senate. The Senate rules were adopted on January 22, 2020.[14]

You can research more about the impeachment of President Trump by looking at some of these resources:

[1] Resolution of Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, February 21, 1868 (Library of Congress)

[2] See Articles of Impeachment (Congressional Globe)

[3] Senate Impeachment Rules (Congressional Globe)

[4] U.S. Senate Historical Office, President Andrew Johnson’s Impeachment Trial, 1868 (includes images of impeachment tickets)

[5] U.S. Senate Historical Office, The Senate Votes on Presidential Impeachment

[6] H.R. Res. 581, 105th Cong. (1998)

[7] H.R. Res. 611, 105th Cong. (1998)

[8] Id.

[9] S. Doc. No. 106-2 (1999)

[10] S. Roll Call Vote on Article 1, H.R. Res. 611, 106th Cong. (Feb. 12, 1999)

[11] S. Roll Call Vote on Article 2, H.R. Res. 611, 106th Cong. (Feb. 12, 1999)

[12] H.R. Res. 660, 116th Cong. (2019)

[13] H.R. Res. 755, 116th Cong. (2019)

[14] S. Res. 483, 116th Cong. (2020)

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